Marcel Duchamp (* 28. Juli 1887 in Blainville-Crevon; † 2. Oktober 1968 in Neuilly-sur-Seine), eigentlich Henri Robert Marcel Duchamp, war ein französischer Maler und Objektkünstler. Er ist Mitbegründer der Konzeptkunst und zählt zu den Wegbegleitern des Dadaismus und Surrealismus. (Wikipedia)

Marcel Duchamp
Biographie, Biografie, Leben und Werk
basierend auf Calvin Tomkins: Ein Leben zwischen Eros, Schach und Kunst

Marcel Duchamp

„The creative act is not performed by the artist alone; the spectator brings the work in contact with the external world by deciphering and interpreting its inner qualifications and thus adds his contribution to the creative act.“

„It’s true, of course, humor is very important in my life, as you know. That’s the only reason for living, in fact.“

„I was interested in ideas, not in visual products. I wanted to put painting again in the service of the mind. „

„No, the thing to do is try to make a painting that will be alive in your own lifetime.“

„The individual, man as a man, man as a brain, if you like, interests me more than what he makes, because I’ve noticed that most artists only repeat themselves. „

„All his decisions in the artistic execution of the work rest with pure intuition and cannot be translated into a self-analysis… „

„I consider painting as a means of expression, not as a goal. „

„I’ve decided that art is a habit-forming drug. That’s all it is, for the artist, for the collector, for anybody connected with it. „
1887 Born 28 July at Blainville-Crevon, (near Rouen) France
1906 Joins his brothers in Montmartre and draws cartoons for satirical publications.
1910 Exhibits at the Salon des Indépendants and the Salon d’Automne
1912 Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2. is rejected by the Salon des Indépendants but it is shown at a cubist exhibition in Barcelona, and in Paris at the Salon de la Section d’Or
1912 Studies perspective at the Bibliothèque de Sainte-Geneviève in Paris
1913 Exhibits Nude Descending a Staircase and several other works at the Armory Show in New York
1915 Visits New York, meets Walter and Louise Arensberg
1917 The Society of Independent Artists is formed, with Duchamp as a founding member, and later a director
1919 Visits Buenos Aires, Argentina; back in Paris, attends meetings of the Dada group
1920 Duchamp, Katherine Dreier and Man Ray form the first museum of modern art in the United States, the Société Anonyme, Inc.
1923 Travels to Brussels, Belgium for an extended stay of several months
1924 Focuses on chess, devoting most of his time to it
1925 Both parents die
1927 Marries and divorces Lydie Sarazin-Lavassor
1928 Becomes a member of the French Olympic chess team at The Hague
1932 Appointed a French delegate to the International Chess Federation
1933 Participates in the „Exposition Surréaliste“ in Paris
1935 Participates in the first chess Olympics by correspondence as French team captain
1937 First one man-show, held in Chicago at the Arts Club
1938 Collaborates with Breton and others on the „Exposition Internationale du Surréalisme“, Galerie Beaux-Arts, Paris
1939 Rrose Sélavy: oculisme de précision, poils et coups de pieds en tous genres (Precision Oculism, Complete Line of Whiskers and Kicks), a collection of puns, published
1943 Establishes new studio at 210 West 14th Street in New York City
1946 Serves as a juror for the Bel-Ami International Competition and Exhibition of New Paintings by Eleven American and European Artists
1954 Marries Alexina Sattler
1955 Becomes a citizen of the United States
1959 Moves to New York
1960 Elected a member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters, New York
1968 Dies 2 October, in his sleep
In Advance of the Broken Arm, 1915. Readymade: show shovel, wood and galvanized iron. 121.3 cm. Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, CT, USA.
L.H.O.O.Q., L.H.O.O.Q., a cheap postcard-sized reproduction of the Mona Lisa,upon which Duchamp drew a mustache and a goatee. The „readymade“ done in 1919, is one of the most well known act of degrading a famous work of art. The title when pronounced in French, puns the frase „Elle a chaud au cul“, translating colloquially in „She has a hot ass“.
Fountain,  1917/1964. Readymade: porcelain urinal. 23.5 x 18 cm, hight 60 cm. Private collection.
Fountain, 1917/1964. Readymade: porcelain urinal. 23.5 x 18 cm, hight 60 cm. Private collection.
Bicycle Wheel/Roue de bicyslette, 1913. Readymade: bicycle wheel, diameter 64.8 cm, mounted on a stool, 60.2 cm high. Original lost. Replica. Private collection.

2 Gedanken zu „MARCEL DUCHAMP

  1. Find ich gut, das ist mir neu. Danke für den Tipp! Dafür benutze ich das Internet, dass man einfach auf solche wichtigen Informationen stößt :-). Danke nochmal und schönen Gruß, Altrud Holzwarth

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